confirmation

1) The Philippians are said to share with Paul in the defence and confirmation of the gospel (Phil. 1:7), that is, in the establishment of its truth at his forthcoming trial. Possibly he is optimistic about an acquittal which will strengthen the position of the Church of Philippi.
2) Confirmation in the sense of a sacramental rite, though sometimes traced to the teaching of the apostles, as in the Preface to the service of confirmation in the Anglican Book of Common Prayer, is in fact not known in the NT as a rite supplementing baptism by water. When it is recorded that the apostles at Samaria and Ephesus used the OT custom of laying on hands (e.g. Moses on Joshua, Deut. 34:9) this seems to be an indication by the author of Acts that these were turning points in the progress of the gospel from Jerusalem to Rome. But by the end of the 2nd cent.CE the rite of Christian initiation included baptism in water, anointing by the bishop, and the imposition of his hand on the head of each candidate. However, by the 4th cent., the latter part of the rite became separated in time from the baptism: the large increase in the number of candidates obliged bishops to delegate baptisms to presbyters while reserving the second part, ‘confirmation’, to themselves.

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  • Confirmation — • Describes its origin from Biblical texts and how it has been handed down through the ages. The rite is briefly described, and the minister, matter, form, recipient, effects, necessity and sponsors are detailed Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • confirmation — [ kɔ̃firmasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe; lat. confirmatio 1 ♦ Action de confirmer, de rendre plus certain. ⇒ affirmation, assurance, certitude, consécration. Confirmation d une nouvelle, d une promesse. Il m en a donné confirmation. Confirmation d un acte …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • confirmation — con·fir·ma·tion /ˌkän fər mā shən/ n 1: the act or process of confirming, assuring, or upholding seeking confirmation of the agreement; specif: the ratification of an executive act by a legislative body senate confirmation of the Supreme Court… …   Law dictionary

  • confirmation — CONFIRMATION. sub. f. Ce qui rend une chose ferme et stable. La confirmation d une Sentence, d un Arrêt. Obtenir des Lettres de confirmation. Payer le droit de confirmation. Confirmation de priviléges, de droits, de prérogatives, d honoraires,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • confirmation — Confirmation. s. f. v. Ce qui rend une chose plus ferme, plus stable. La confirmation d une Sentence, d un Arrest. obtenir des Lettres de confirmation. Il se dit aussi, De la nouvelle & plus expresse assurance d une chose qui avoit desja esté… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Confirmation — Con fir*ma tion, n. [F. confirmation, L. confirmatio.] 1. The act of confirming or strengthening; the act of establishing, ratifying, or sanctioning; as, the confirmation of an appointment. [1913 Webster] Their blood is shed In confirmation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Confirmation — (v. lat.), 1) Bestätigung; 2) Bestätigung eines Rechtsgeschäfts durch den Regenten, od. durch die Civilobrigkeit (C. judicialis); diese Bestätigung ist entweder zur Gültigkeit des Geschäfts wesentlich erforderlich (C. utilis, C. necessaria), in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Confirmation — Confirmation, Bestätigung, Versicherung, daß Etwas gewiß sein soll. Man bezeichnet mit diesem Worte eine religiöse Handlung, welche billig für eine der bedeutungsvollsten gehalten werden möchte. Im Namen des neugebornen Weltbürgers hatten… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • confirmation — the final approval by the bankruptcy court of a debtor s plan of reorganization. Confirmation takes place after the plan has been approved by creditors (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) The official act of the court in approving a plan or a… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • Confirmation — ситуация, когда несколько индикаторов подтверждают анализ рынка. См. также: Торговые сигналы Финансовый словарь Финам …   Финансовый словарь

  • confirmation — c.1300, confyrmacyoun, the Church rite, from O.Fr. confirmacion (13c.) strengthening, confirmation; proof; ratification, from L. confirmationem (nom. confirmatio) a securing, establishing; an assurance, encouragement, noun of action from… …   Etymology dictionary

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